Part B: Philogenesis: The origin of the species
The references for this paper can be found in Ferenczi Thalassa and in Lucio Russo The
forgotten Revolution and in doing that I will follow the history of my own town Carovigno from
the greek word Karpene (A lot of fruits) a greek colony from the VIII century bC of Athens, but
probably it was there before, and I suspect that we colonize Greece and not the contrary in more
The town is on the Adriatic Sea in the South East of Italy in the Apulia region.
During the Hellenistic period around the III century bC the town was a centre of commerce for
olive oil and other important materials, wine, fruits, almond and ceramics (I suggest to visit the
room 73 of the British Museum where there are the Egnatia Vase).
During this period the families were nuclear, like today, the people had a lot of scientific
knowledge, included psychoanalysis, as well documented, and there were state schools.
But with the conqueror of roman with the second Punic war all these knowledge spread over the
Mediterranean Sea went away on the East, far east, till China and India.
I want to remember you that these people were aware that the sun was at the centre of the Solar
system, the human being were coming from apes and the conscious is a small part of the mind
under the unconscious processes. (See Freud Interpretation of dream part 2 footnote)
The knowledge of physics, mathematics, chemistry were invented on that time and last till now.
A lt of people were made slaves and brought to Rome as tutor for their children and they were
architects, engineering, medical doctors, astronomer, and for this reason after a century we had
some flourish of science and arts in Rome.
But these knowledge were lost, though used for a while, and we ended it up in the medieval era
(a kind of latency for the human beings)
We need to wait for the Renaissance to have back with the fall of Costantinopoli all the books
that were kept there to come back to Italy and Leonardo, o Piero della Francesca and many more
artist and scientist. I want just to remember you that Padua is the first University in the world.
If we had an industrial revolution and another Emperor, this time British instead of Roman,
based on navigation and notions of astronomy and bolts and screws, it is thankful to the
hellenistic thinkers that imitate the human body studied in details.
They were aware of the difference between sensory and motor neurons. The eye had a specific
book written by Erofilo, who also knew about dreams and their interpretations.
I suggest you to read some paper of Francis Bacon where there are flights machines and people
exploring the North Pole.
You can ask what this is to do with psychoanalysis and my reply is that psychoanalysis is the
queen of the science (see Abraham and Torok) and this is part of our recent past, just 80
generations away from us. If you think the second war world was just 3 generations ago.
And what is the difference between the Hellenistic period and the Egyptians or Babylonians,
mainly they were collecting data, the river Nile went out this year, ect.
With science we have a model of reality and we can intervene on it and modified it, with an
enormous advantage. The job that before needs 10 men now can be done by 1.
Alexandria of Egypt was built ex novo by Alexander the Greater during that time and the Faro
was able to illuminate at 50 Km of distance, and the Rhodi colossus was similar to the statue of
Archimede used glasses convesse to burn the roman ships, Euclid invented the geometry.
Aristarco of Samo the heliocentric theory.